The period between the 1830s and the 1910s is significant for the rapid expansion of the British and French Empires in particular and fierce interimperial rivalries, as well as the late rise of non-European empires. The warfare that characterised imperial expansion and indigenous resistance, as sparked by imperial invasions and gradual conquests of colonial territories, including the suppression of uprisings, was often diffuse and chaotic. This chapter considers how the contact zones of aggressively expanding colonialism were structured by violence, in places ranging from the British settler colonies of Canada, Australia, and New Zealand to Crown colonies of various European empires, including British India, the Netherlands East Indies, and French Indochina. It assesses the intersections of gender and militarised violence on frontiers and in the daily life of colonial societies.
Woollacott, A 2020, 'Imperial Conquest, Violent Encounters, and Changing Gender Relations in Colonial Warfare, 1830s–1910s', in Karen Hagemann, Stefan Dudink, and Sonya O. Rose (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Gender, War, and the Western World since 1600, Oxford University Press, Canberra, Australia, pp. 1-20.